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20081007Di-0001m.jpg

20081007Di-0000m.jpg

Our congratulations to former Director of Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics (IPNP) of KEK, Prof. Makoto Kobayashi (left, top picture), who is sharing the Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 with Prof. Toshihide Maskawa of Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP) of Kyoto University (right, the same picture). They are cited for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature. The bottom figure shows a snippet from their original paper of 1973.

This year's Nobel Prize in Physics is also shared by another Japanese-born physicist, Prof. Yoichiro Nambu of Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago. He is cited for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics. Prof. Nambu is one of the true giants in Theoretical Particle Physics, who placed many critical cornerstones for the development of this field, including spontaneous symmetry breaking, color charge and the dual resonance model.

We are all gratified to see the works by Profs. Nambu, Kobayashi and Maskawa receive the recognition that they deserve. They all played critical roles in constructing what is currently taken for granted as the Standard Model from the theory side, when it was not at all an obvious one.


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Archives of the images from the past top pages.
Last modified: Thu Oct 9 21:41:38 JST 2008